Research & Development

新影音先锋男人资源站2017一本道av手机在线一本道HD在线视频支付机构迎大考 天下支付未获续展或因博彩拖累

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青年傅聰(1956年) 新影音先锋男人资源站 赤子之心-傅聰談傅雷2017一本道av手机在线 第二類難題是確定字義褒貶的問題。《家書》中選用的某一些字眼,表面上看來有肯定的意思,其實是否定的;另一些則表面看來是否定的,其實是肯定的,例如sweetness,romantic,flirtlng,automatic,wild等等,必須看前後文的語氣,才能測定確切的含意。以sweetness來說,字典的解釋中,全部是正面的,幾乎找不出一個貶義,但是在《家書》第67頁(舊版第63頁),傅雷提到莫扎特的音樂,推崇為“毫無世俗的感傷或是靡靡的sweetness”,此處既有“靡靡”在前,已經規限了後面那sweet-ness的含意,字典上的“甜蜜”、“甘甜”、“芳香”、“輕快”等字眼,一個都套用不上,最後,只好決定譯為“甜膩”,以示貶義,但又不違原意。相反的,“flirting”一字,一般譯為“調情賣俏”,多數含有貶義。但《家書》中另一處(第299頁,舊版第282頁)傅雷討論莫扎特的音樂時,稱之為“那種十八世紀式的flirting”,由于此處毫無低毀之意,充其量只可譯為“風情”。又如“wild”一字;英文原義含蘊極豐,既可解釋為uncivilized,savage,uncultured,rude,violent等,也可解釋為uncontrolled,elated,enthusiastic,free,raving,unconventional等等。《家書》中提到英國人唱“哈利路亞”時為wild,而說起莎士比亞人物如麥克白斯、奧塞羅等,也是wild,那麼,前者為“豪放”,後者就該譯為“狂放”了(第275276頁,舊版第259260頁)。至于“automatiC”一字,照字典上的解釋,大概就是“自動”而已。《家書》中第337頁(舊版第319頁)談到音樂的表演時,說道︰“心、腦、手的神經聯系,或許在音樂表演比別的藝術更微妙,不容易掌握到成為automatic的程度。”此處如果不慎把automatic譯注為“自動”,後果就不堪設想。試問演奏音樂而達至“自動”的程度,豈非靈性盡失,令人有“機械呆板”的感覺?這麼一來,就把傅雷原文中肯定的意思變為否定了。經一再斟酌,我把此處的“automatic”譯為“得心應手,收放自如”,我認為這樣才能符合傅雷筆下大演奏家的形象。 一九六五年九月十二日夜一本道HD在线视频 九月是否去日本,已定局否?為期幾日,共幾場?倘過港,必須早早通知,我們守在家中等電話!

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